A rolling stone gathers no moss is an old proverb, credited to Publilius Syrus, who in his Sententiae states, People who are always moving, with no roots in one place or another, avoid responsibilities and cares. As such, the proverb is often interpreted as referring to figurative nomads who avoid taking on responsibilities or cultivating or advancing their own knowledge, experience, or culture. Another interpretation equates "moss" to "stagnation"; as such the proverb can also refer to those who keep moving as never lacking for fresh ideas or creativity.
The conventional English translation appeared in John Heywood's collection of Proverbs in 1546. Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable also credits Erasmus, and relates it to other Latin proverbs, Planta quae saepius transfertus non coalescit, or Saepius plantata arbor fructum profert exiguum, which mean that a frequently replanted plant or tree (respectively) yields little fruit. It appears that the original intent of the proverb saw the growth of moss as desirable, and that the intent was to condemn mobility as unprofitable.
The contemporary interpretation of equating moss to undesirable stagnation has turned the traditional understanding on its head. Erasmus's proverb gave the name "rolling stone" to people who are agile (mobile) and never get rusty due to constant motion.
"A day in the moss" refers to cutting peat in bogs or mosses. Metaphorically this refers to hard work in preparation for winter. An itinerant "rolling stone" will not likely feel the timely need to apply for access to a community's peat bog.
The saying may not be authentic to Syrus; the Latin form usually given, Saxum volutum non obducitur musco, does not appear in the edited texts of Publilius Syrus. It does, however, appear with similar wording in Erasmus'Adagia, which was first published around 1500. It is also given as "Musco lapis volutus haud obducitur", and in some cases as "Musco lapis volutus haud obvolvitur".
The literal meaning of the statement itself is true. The television show MythBusters showed that after six months of constantly rolling a stone does not grow moss.
Because it is so well known, this saying is one of the most common proverbs used in psychological tests for mental illness, particularly schizophrenia, to look for difficulty with abstraction. American research conducted in the 1950s between Air Force basic airmen and hospitalized Veterans Administration patients with schizophrenia found that the way a person interprets proverbs can be used to determine abstraction ability. The lack of abstraction ability in these studies was statistically significantly higher in the VA patients and it has thus been construed as indicating pathology. As persons with mental illness are generally believed to demonstrate "concrete" thinking (a tendency to interpret abstract concepts literally) the research results have, in practice, often been improperly generalized to suggest proverbs alone can be a sufficient indicator of mental illness.
A "concrete" interpretation of the proverb "a rolling stone gathers no moss" would simply restate the proverb in different words, rather than delivering any metaphorical meaning.
- In Swallows and Amazons by the English children's author Arthur Ransome, the fictional Captain Flint alludes to the proverb by calling his memoirs "Mixed Moss by A Rolling Stone". The theft of the manuscript of the fictional book is a major theme of the real book.
- The Rolling Stones (novel) (1952) by science fiction author Robert A. Heinlein, in which a family travels throughout the star system looking for adventure and money. Hazel Stone, the grandmother, says "this city life is getting us covered with moss" when buying their ship. The theme carries throughout the book.
- The union activist Joe Hill's last will, written in the form of a song in 1915, states: "My kin don’t need to fuss and moan / Moss does not cling to rolling stone."
- Ma Rainey, the blues singer, recorded a song in the 1920s, "Slow Driving Moan" in which she sings, "I'm an old rolling stone, looking to find my home sweet home".
- The blues musician Muddy Waters wrote a 1948 song called "Rollin' Stone", which contains the lyrics: "I got a boy child's comin, / He's gonna be, he's gonna be a rollin' stone". His 1955 recording "Mannish Boy" includes the phrase "I'm a rollin' stone".
- Leon Payne's 1949 hit "Rolling Stone" from A Shot in the Dark: Tennessee Jive
- Hank Williams's 1952 hit "Lost Highway" (originally by Leon Payne, recorded 1948) begins "I'm a rollin' stone, all alone and lost, for a life of sin I've paid the cost."
- Stan Wilson wrote "A Rollin' Stone" and it was included on his album "An Evening With Stan Wilson" in 1955. Wilson said that he wrote the song ten years earlier while serving in the Merchant Marine during the war. The opening line states: "A rollin' stone gathers no moss."
- Bobby Darin's 1958 song "Early in the Morning" includes the line: "Well you know a rolling stone don't gather no moss".
- The Kingston Trio included the Stan Wilson Song "A Rollin' Stone" on their 1959 Capitol album Here We Go Again!. The version contained on that album was a solo by founding member Bob Shane.
- Gerry Rafferty's 1978 song "Baker Street" contains the lyrics "You know he's never gonna stop moving, 'Cause he's rolling, he's the rolling stone."
- Brian Jones was inspired by Muddy Waters' lyrics when he called the band he founded with Mick Jagger, Keith Richards and Ian Stewart "The Rolling Stones" in 1962/63.
- Bob Dylan's 1965 song "Like a Rolling Stone", which appeared on his album Highway 61 Revisited, may refer to the original proverb.
- Jimi Hendrix used the full, translated version of the proverb in the lyrics to the song "Highway Chile" on the album Are You Experienced.
- Jann Wenner and Ralph J. Gleason founded the music magazine Rolling Stone in 1967.
- The Beatles used the words "like a rolling stone" three times in the beginning of their song "Dig It" released on the 1970 album Let it Be.
- Don McLean's "American Pie" in 1971 claims that "moss grows fat on a rolling stone, but that's not how it used to be."
- The Temptations made the #1 hit "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone" in 1972.
- The song "Can't Come In" by The Congos off their 1977 release Heart of the Congos features the lyrics "The rolling stone, gathers no moss."
- Joan Osborne's 1995 song "One of Us" compares God to a "Holy Rolling Stone".
- Sublime's 1996 song "Same in the End" alludes, "Daddy was a rollin' rollin' stone. He rolled away one day and then he never came home."
- Lucky Dube also uses the proverb in his song "Rolling Stone", from the album The Way It Is released in 1999: "I'm a rolling stone, 'Cause a rolling stone, Gathers no moss."
- The Dave Matthews Band alludes to the negative connotation of the phrase in the 2002 song "Busted Stuff": "A rolling stone gathers no moss, but leaves a trail of busted stuff."
- Noah Gundersen references this proverb in his 2008 song "Moss on a Rolling Stone": "I believe moss on a rolling stone is better than the rust that's growing on my home."
- Jay-Z alludes to the proverb in his song "Guns and Roses", which features Lenny Kravitz.
- The Weeknd in the song "Rolling Stone" sings the lyrics "Got me on this rolling stone".
- Bruno Mars references the proverb in his song "Runaway Baby": "Your poor little heart will end up alone, 'cause Lord knows I'm a rolling stone."
- Curren$y uses the proverb in his song "On My Plane", off his debut album This Aint No Mixtape.
- Killer Mike in the song "the whole world" by Outkast ft. Killer Mike, says "I'm rollin' my stone, gatherin' no moss".
- Passenger in the song "Rolling Stone" relates to the proverb in lot of its lines.
In film and television
- In the SpongeBob SquarePants episode "The Algae's Always Greener", Sheldon J. Plankton states that "A rolling stone gathers no algae".
- MythBusters did an experiment to test the proverb in the episode "Breaking Glass". They verified that a rolling stone indeed gathers no moss.
- In an episode of NCIS: LA, Sam Hanna and G. Callen argue over the meaning of the proverb.
- In an episode of All in the Family, Archie said, "A rolling stone gathers no moss", and the answer from another character was that a rolling will get you a hell of a bruise.
- In the movie One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest, when confronted by a team of psychiatrists McMurphy (played by Jack Nicholson) is asked to explain the meaning of the proverb "A rolling stone gathers no moss".
- In the movie The Truman Show, in a scene the main character (played by Jim Carrey) combines the sentence with another proverb, "The early bird catches the worm", resulting in: "The early bird catches no moss, a rolling stone gathers the worm".
- In the movie Thunderbolt and Lightfoot, in a scene of chase, Lightfoot (played by Jeff Bridges) said, "A rolling stone gathers no moss", when a car rolling down the hill.
Other media references
- A recurring GEICO radio advertisement poses this question, "Does a rolling stone gather no moss?" The sound of a tumbling rock is heard, and it follows up, "No moss. You're going to have to trust me on this."
- The phrase was used by Lt. Kaffee (Tom Cruise) in A Few Good Men.
- ^Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and FableArchived October 26, 2006, at the Wayback Machine., sub. title "Rolling Stone".
- ^"A day in the moss".
- ^Dictionary of the Scots Language Sc. 1825 J. Mitchell Scotsman's Library 118: "Any gentleman, whether possessing property or not, who was popular, and ready to assist the poor in their difficulties, might expect a day in the moss, as they were wont to term it, and could have them longer for payment." http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/moss
- ^Adagia, Erasmus, at Bibliotheca Augustana.
- ^Jerónimo Martín Caro y Cejudo, Refranes, y modos de hablar castellanos (1792), p. 288 
- ^ Annotated MythBusters
- ^Clinical Manual for Proverbs Test, 1956, Dr Gorham, Missoula MT., Psychological Test Specialists
- ^"Proverb interpretation in forensic evaluations", William H. CampbellMD, MBA and A. Jocelyn RitchieJD, PhD, AAPL Newsletter, American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, Jan 2002 Vol. 27 No. 1, pp. 24-27
- ^See NYTimes Article
- ^Muddy Waters: Rollin' Stone
- ^"Muddy Waters - Rollin' Stone".
A rolling stone gathers no moss.
A rolling stone gathers no moss.
After a storm comes calm.
The proverb tells us that in principle in nature no season remains forever and similarly situations also change one after another. When a storm emerges in an ocean, it creates violent winds and heavy rain, sometimes, causing a dreadful disaster but after some time there prevails a reign of calmness. Though the storm disturbs the man’s life it will not remain for a long period but very soon the storm disappears and calmness prevails everywhere.
This proverb indicates that the human life is also of the same principle. Storm of fate occurs suddenly and disturbs the man’s life for a while and then disappears. After the storm of fate disappears one feels a sigh of relief from the disturbances one has experienced. That’s why it is said that human life is a combination of joys, sorrows, happiness and tears. No same situation remains for a longer period or for ever.
One situation follows the others and just like a wheel which circles round all the time bringing the upper part to the lower and the lower part to the upper. Once India was rich country having all the resources for the people to lead comfortable and contended lives and later on it came into the clutches of the British Raj. People suffered and the country was looted by the British. After freedom India started progressing and it is coming back to its past glory. So one should never lose heart and be patient enough to bear the hardships of life as happiness and fragrance of life follow.
A rolling stone gathers no moss.
A moss is a kind of algal plant which grows on rocks which remains stationary for a long period of time. This proverb has two kinds of meanings. The positive meaning says that the rolling stone gathers no moss because the stationary - the rock - collects more material since it remains stationary. The moss can be referred as a positive thing in this meaning.
Similarly people who stick to one job and work in it will gather more knowledge about the particular job. Instead people who work on different jobs will not learn any job completely and so they will always be Jack of all trades and master of none.
There is a negative meaning to this proverb in which the moss is considered as an unwanted negative growth which is to be avoided. The moss represents the dirt collected in the mind when it is as rest. An idle mind is the devil’s workshop because as the mind is at rest it things many bad things and so it causes many problems and so a man who keeps on working will not collect any dirt in his mind. A working brain will be fully engaged with its work and so it will not do any destructive work. So we should not stumble from one to another to attain success and fame and name and should not be fickle minded.
A rolling stone gathers no moss.
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